Watermelon Farm: How To Plant, And Harvest Watermelons

Watermelons are healthy fruits and they are often called summer melons, along with muskmelons and cantaloupes. These big delicious fruits are not difficult to grow. Here are tips to help you grow your own watermelon farm.

How to Prepare your land for watermelon farm

Watermelons are just like any other vegetable vine or plant, growing out and taking up as much room as you’re going to give them.

They can even go beyond their limits, like pumpkins, looping around walls, and sometimes wrapping around other plants before bringing them down to the ground.

Pick an area far from the rest of your garden to ensure your melons have plenty of space to expand (and to protect them from upsetting other plants).

This is particularly important the first year you grow because you will be genuinely experimenting with the possibilities for how big they are going to be!

Watermelons prefer sandy soil, and you’re a perfect candidate for melon growing if you’re in a region of sandy loam.

How to Choose the cultivar

The Baby Sugar, Moon and Stars, and Jubilee are all popular with farmers who plant in their backyard. The fact is that every growing tip can allow everyone and anyone to succeed and prosper in growing watermelon, no matter how variety.

What are the differences between these watermelons?

There are four common variations:

watermelon farm
Image by Paul Brennan from Pixabay

SEEDLESS

Seedless versions are available, which closely resemble varieties of both picnic and icebox melons. While the seeds you will find are not really without seeds, they are light in color, very small, and can be consumed if you want to. They are infertile too.

Orange and Yellow Melons

These are less available in supermarkets, so you should grow your own.  They come in a variety of shapes and sizes, but when it goes around, you will most likely harvest.

The inside is not pink; it is actually orange or yellow. Flavor types vary and are compared with other fruits, including mangoes and cantaloupe.

 The Ice Box

This is one of the two types often bought at the grocery store. They are usually round and can accommodate a total of one or two individuals. They’re a little more expensive per pound, but they can hold in the fridge well and make a perfect snack.

how to start a watermelon farm
Image by Jill Wellington from Pixabay

PICNIC

This is what most people think when they hear the word “watermelon.” They’re oblong, thick, and they can feed a group. This can be found in several colors, but when ripened, the rinds are often a shade of green.

When growing the first melon, the important thing to note is that many of the fancy types in seed catalogs may not be as pest-resistant as you think.

If you are looking to guarantee a successful first-year harvest, consider a proven seed type. You will probably find these types in your local store. Online retailers sell a few other special and proven varieties. Common options include:

Moon and Stars

This has a rind that shows the moon and bright star-shaped spots. The inside is a delicious fruit that will sustain long after harvest.

JUBILEE

One of the ‘picnic’ most common melons, this long watermelon has a typical striped skin. Inside has one of the brightest red.

Sugar Baby

This variety is a flourishing big producer in smaller gardens. It’s round, small and sweet. Thanks to its durable rind that can withstand cracking and blight. Seedlings in 4.5-inch pots are available from store and online; it is a favorite among beginners and experienced gardeners.

How to plant watermelon

From planting to maturity, 70 to 90 days are required, so be sure you have that many times to let your melons grow. This means you’ll be better off starting your seeds indoors if you live in a cooler climate.

If you direct sowing or continue with seedlings, the best way to ensure plenty of room for your watermelons is to provide a hill or mound.

One plant per hill fits well, so make sure the hills are at least five feet apart. For a particular watermelon you are planting, you may also refer to product instructions. Sometimes those varieties need to stretch out a little more space.

Another way of having the best return from direct sowing is by planting two seeds in each hill. Drop the extra after they have sprouted and either grow it in its own hill or dispose of it. At least you are sure to pick the best of the two, which is okay to grow in cooler climates where the soil has only reached temp before planting.

How to water your watermelon

  • Give your watermelons 1 to 2 inches of water per week ( this means, 1 inch equals 16 gallons a week)
  • Maintain the soil moist until the fruit reaches its maximum size and then avoid watering as the fruit ripens.
  • Keep the soil reasonably moist during the flowering and development of fruits. Cut back on the water a week or two before harvest; dry soil may help plants absorb sugars in the watermelon.
  • In the morning, when the leaves are wilted, the plants require water. By the end of the day, wilting leaves aren’t unusual.

WATERMELONS FEEDING

watermelon farm

Your watermelon farm is looking pretty lush, how do you feed your plants?

  • Watermelons can be dressed side by side with an even organic fertilizer such as 10-10-10 early in the season, but once flowers and fruits grow, decrease nitrogen and increase phosphorus and potassium; using a 5-10-10 fertilizer.
  • Prepare planting beds or a commercial organic planting combination of aged compost and aged manure. Before planting, apply some inches of aged manure to the planting beds during autumn.
  • Some Of the Plants For watermelons companion, grow radish, beans, corn, and nasturtium with watermelons.

How to harvest watermelon

Now, your watermelon farm is ready for harvest; as a rule, it is ripe whether the plant is dying, browning, or totally removed from the melon. Moreover, even if it’s not ripe, it’s better to pick it up from the ground and take it inside at that stage. Melons don’t keep ripening off the vine. Signs that watermelon is ready to pick include:

A bottom, cream or yellow (not white) color streak

Flesh that gives a small bit when pressed with your fingernail

A thumping as you tapped gently.

Get your cutting knife to cut the watermelon from the vine and make sure you cut it as close to the fruit as possible. You may still have other melons that continue ripen on the same vine, so be careful.

How to store watermelon

how to store watermelon

If not cut or sliced, the watermelons may stay in the refrigerator for up to a week, but sweetness and taste can diminish.

A cut watermelon holds for about four days in the refrigerator. To avoid cold burn or dehydration seals the watermelon securely in plastic.

Watermelons can be store without refrigeration but in a cool, relatively moist position for 2 to 3 weeks.

And that is how to plant and harvest watermelons; go and enjoy your very own juicy watermelon from your watermelon farm.

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